Common name: Indian Wormwood, Fleabane, Mugwort • Hindi: नागदोना Nagdona, दवना Davana • Manipuri: লেইবাক ঙৌ Leibakngou. Natural products are the main stay of the alternative system of medicine. Artemisia nilagirica is commonly known as the Indian wormwood. Undershrubs, ca. m tall, aromatic, perennial, fruticose; stems paniculately branched, incanus, pubescent or tomentose. Leaves simple alternate, upper ones.
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Additionally, the in vitro culture and genetic modification of the plant can prevent over exploitation and also may produce novel and more potential variety. Rapid regeneration and analysis of genetic fidelity and scopoletin contents of micropropagated plants of Spilanthes oleracea L.
The aromatic leaves of some species are used for flavouring. A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassay with tobacco tissue cultures.
Artemisia nilagirica – Wikispecies
Limonene is used as flavoring agent in foods and beverages also it is considered as a low toxic component [ 18 ]. Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc.
Chem Biol Interact Some botanists split the genus into several genera, but DNA analysis  does not support the maintenance of the genera CrossostephiumFilifoliumNeopallasiaSeriphidiumand Sphaeromeria ; three other segregate genera StilnolepisElachanthemumand Kaschgariaare maintained by this evidence.
The final volume was adjusted to 1. Artemisia genus Medicinal plants Asteraceae genera. Seriphidium Besser ex Less.
Similar stability in the morphology of in vitro grown Aloe vera was reported by Das et al. Qureshi 2I.
Aetemisia largest collection of living Artemisia species, subspecies and cultivars is held in the National Collection of Artemisia in Sidmouth, Devon, UK, which holds about taxa. Artemisia olchonensis Leonova Artemisia oliveriana J. It also decreased the production of nitrate ion hence, minimizing the lung inflammation of asthmatic animal models and relieving bronchial congestion when compared to ovalbumin treated group.
Search in all groups Search within this group. Transition metals such as Fe and Cu upon reacting with perioxides form harmful alkoxy radicals by donating electrons. This imbalance is eventually associated with the aetiology of various disorders such as cancers, inflammation, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, hypertension, diabetes, atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases, immunological disorders and the aging process [ 2 ].
It is a medicinal plant which has been reported to be used over 10 decades and is treating diseases and symptoms like, malaria, inflammation, diabetes, stress, depression, diabetes and many other microbial diseases.
Ascorbic acid was used as positive control. Artemisia polysticha Poljakov Artemisia pontica L. Artemisia maracandica Bunge Artemisia maritima Nilagirixa. Earlier reports have also confirmed that the antioxidant potential of certain bioactive compounds is associated with their reducing abilities, therefore, the reducing power assays may act as an important indicator of probable antioxidant activity in a plant extracts [ 4445 ].
Artemisia santolina Schrenk Artemisia santolinifolia Turcz. A highly proliferating organogenic callus was obtained on Murashige and Skoog MS medium supplemented with 2. Chromosome complements of Artemisia nilagirica var. Interestingly, hydrolysable tannins were absent in all the extracts [ 6 ].
The extracts of A. The antioxidant power was calculated nilagirrica the following Eqn. The pharmacological studies reported in the present review confirms the therapeutic value of A. J Hort Sci Biotechnol.
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Chelation therapy decreases iron-related complications and hence progresses the quality of life and overall survival [ 4849 ]. However, these defensive mechanisms are sometimes insufficient to prevent the damage entirely due to the various pathological processes, therefore, antioxidant supplements are vital to combat oxidative damage [ 5 ]. Substantial antioxidant and antiproliferative capacities of A.
Volatile oils were present in methanol, hexane and petroleum ether. Callus was also induced from the nodal explants on medium supplemented with 2. Artemisia cina Levant wormseed . Few experimental studies regarding the therapeutic activity of A. Koch Artemisia spinescens D. Multiple shoot regeneration from callus An organogenic callus from nodal explants obtained on MS medium supplemented with 2.
Numerous plants have been investigated using modern scientific approaches wherein the results shown the potential of medicinal plants in the field of pharmacology. The minimum inhibitory concentration of the oil was found to be ppm. In literatures most of the activities of the plant were evaluated using the leaf as well as the extracts of flowering meristems.
But most of the medicinal effects which has been observed are not yet studied preclinically and researchers are not focusing on the effects like antiulcer or antidiarrhoeal activity. The percentage inhibition of samples was assayed by DPPH radical scavenging method and the corresponding percentage inhibitions and IC 50 values were calculated.
User Group specific search options Title. Views Read Edit View history. Roots as an enhancing factor for the production of artemisinin in shoot cultures of Artemisia annua. ANH with an IC 50 value of In modern world, use of medicines such as antibiotics are causing resistance towards many pathogenic bacteria. The plant is also used traditionally in the preparation of insecticide Bhattacharjee In India it is found in the hilly regions of Sikkim, western ghats etc.