Nov 24, The difference between Giffen Goods and Inferior Goods is that people will purchase less of the inferior goods as income increases and. May 9, Hey Inferior good is a good whose demand increases when the consumer’s income decreases and whose demand decreases as the. In economics, an inferior good is a good whose demand decreases when It was noted by Sir Robert Giffen that in Ireland during the 19th century there was a rise in the price of potatoes. The poor people were.

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As a rule, these goods are affordable and adequately fulfill their purpose, but as more costly substitutes that offer more pleasure or at least variety become available, the use of the inferior goods diminishes.

Ibferior, inferiority, in a sense, refers to the easy affordability of the good at lower consumer income, compared to the costly betwden. The effect of the increase of income on the consumption of goods is known from empirical evidence.

The change in their demand is going to be negative we consume less after the decrese in price and that change is equal to the sum of SE and IE, so we also get that Income Effect is strong enough to outweigh the Substitution Effect.

It is evident infefior Fig. Others are very inconsistent across geographic regions or cultures. A number of economists have suggested that shopping at large discount chains such as Walmart and rent-to-own establishments vastly represent a large percentage of goods referred to as “inferior”.

Therefore, in case of an inferior good although the income effect works in the opposite direction to the substitution effect, it is unlikely that it will outweigh the substitution effect.


Difference Between Giffen Goods and Inferior Goods

Further, by separating substitution effect from income effect with the weak ordering approach. You Might Also Like: Non- Rivalrous goods and Non- Excludable goods.

Hicks now, like Samuelson, relies on consistency in the behaviour of the consumer which is a more realistic assumption. This is because people purchase less of a product when the prices are high and more of a product when the prices are low.

Difference Between Giffen Goods and Inferior Goods (with Comparison Chart) – Key Differences

When the negative income effect overwhelms the substitution effect, the net result of the fall in price will be to diminish the amount demanded. Total all the difference are so helpful easily understandable with examples.

Therefore, these goods are treated differently by consumers differenxe there is a change in the market prices and level of income but as discussed above they are different. Now, the income effect can be very large if the income elasticity of demand is very high and also the proportion of income spent on the good is quite large.

Exception to the law of demand. Giffen Goods vs Inferior Goods.

Difference Between Giffen Goods and Inferior Goods: Giffen Goods vs Inferior Goods Compared

Sumukh Sai 33 8. Retrieved 17 August Or is Def 1 just the definition of a Giffen good, which is a special type of inferior good? A good is called inferior if you purchase less as your income increases: Merit goods Demerit goods.

Despite their similarities, giffen goods and inferior goods are different to one another, and the article offers a clear explanation of each while outlining their similarities and differences. Inter-city bus service is also an example of an inferior good.


A special type of inferior good may exist known as the Giffen goodwhich would disobey the ” law of demand “. Sir Robert Giffen, an economist, revealed the fact that, with the rise in the prices of bread, the British workers purchased more of it, that reverses the general law of demand.

So how do you define an inferior good? Coming from Engineering cum Human Resource Development background, has over 10 years experience in content developmet and management.

Likewise, goods and services used by poor people for which richer people have alternatives exemplify inferior goods.

Interrelationship among Inferior Goods, Giffen Goods and Law of Demand

This phenomenon is often described as “Giffen’s Paradox”. If follows from the above analysis that exception to the law of demand can occur if in glods case of an inferior good the negative income effect is so large that it outweighs the substitution effect. Hicks also corrects some of the mistakes of indifference curve analysis, namely, continuity and maximizing behaviour on the part of the consumer.

This would have to be a good that is such a large proportion of a person or market’s consumption that the income effect of a price increase would produce, effectively, more demand. As income rises people will spend less on inferior goods as xifference can now afford more expensive, better quality alternatives. Further credit goes to J.