Hymenocardia acida var. acida. Photo: Bart Wursten Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique. Hymenocardia acida var. acida. In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; it is also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade. Young leafy shoots of. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Hymenocardia acida is a small savannah tree or shrub about 9 m high. Branchlets become rusty brown as the bark peels. The bole is.

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Pulped roots and leaves are applied to haemorrhoids and rectal prolapse. Click on “show more” to view them.

Evaluation of African medicinal plants for their in vitro trypanocidal activity. Hymenocardia comprises 6 species, 5 of which occur in continental Africa and 1 in South-East Asia. Citation in news articles. The powdered bark with copper dust is sprinkled on syphilitic sores. Hymenocardia acida is widely distributed throughout tropical Africa, and is locally common. Hymenocardia acida occurs throughout tropical Africa, from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to South Africa.

Pharmaceutical Biology 43 1: There are citation in web searches related to Hymenocardia acida Tul.

Hymenocardia acida

The bark contains amphiphile lupane-type triterpenoids, which are associated with its antimalarial and anti-inflammatory activities. Insects associated with this species: Hymenocardia acida Aluka – Hymenocardia acida Tul. A root or stem bark decoction is taken as an antidote for plant poisoning. A hyemnocardia of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Hymenocardia acida Hymenocardia acida Tul.


Shrub or small tree. Hymenocardia acida is an important medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa, and the effectiveness of many traditional uses has been confirmed by preliminary pharmacological research. In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; it wcida also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade. A fresh root decoction is also taken to treat haemorrhoids. Phytotherapy Research 2 1: More or less throughout tropical Africa, from Senegal to Ethiopia and south to Angola, central Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Hymenocardia acida young tree habit. The review covers phytochemical constituents, ethnomedicinal and pharmacological activities of this plant. Leaves alternate, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, broadly rounded or notched at the apex, dark green above, brown hairy only when young, paler below, densely covered with golden gland dots and minute domatia in the axils of the veins; margins entire somewhat rolled under. Fruit a V-shaped, flattened capsule, 2—3. There are 20 citations in Afrirefs related to Hymenocardia acida Tul.

Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hymenocardia acida var. acida

Preliminary studies of the chemistry of Hymenocardia acida showed the presence of saponins. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of nine medicinal plants from Zaire. Methanol extracts from the root bark exhibited moderate cytotoxic activity against 60 human cell lines of the National Cancer Institute of the United States. Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this.

Flowers unisexual on different trees, male flowers, reddish in catkin-like spikes up to 6 cm long; female flowers solitary, green with long velvety red, forked styles.

A leaf infusion is taken to treat chest complaints and smallpox, a leaf and root infusion is taken to treat oedema caused by malnutrition and an extract of the leafy twigs is rubbed in to strengthen sickly children. A Review Author s: In vitro antitrypanosomal activity of ethnopharmacologically selected Beninese plants.


Root ash is also applied to treat toothache. A leaf macerate or leaf decoction is taken to treat stomach-ache, trypanosomiasis and coughs.

It occurs mainly on sandy, loamy or clayey soils, from sea-level up to m altitude. A leaf decoction or leaf sap is used as eye drops to treat eye infections; together with honey they are taken to treat gall bladder problems and fever, and also as a bath to treat fever and haemorrhoids. Red data list status: Fruit flattened, with 2 wings, forming a distinct V-shape, red when ripe, hairless. A review of plant species used to treat conjunctivitis. Leaves alternate, simple and entire; stipules 1—3 mm long, linear, soon falling; petiole 0.

Root powder is applied to skin diseases. Hymenocardia acida 1, flowering branch; 2, female flower; 3, infructescence. Volume 9, part 4. Natural products have been used in folklore for the treatment of many illnesses and diseases.

The fruits are dewinged and soaked in cold water for 48 hours before sowing. An aqueous stem bark extract showed significant anti-ulcer activity against induced gastric lesions in rats.