Kautilya’s Arthashastra is a book about economics written by Kautilya. The word ( No Suggestions) originates from a primeval Indian dissertation that discussed. Kautilya’s Arthashastra is an excellent treatise on statecraft, economic policy and military strategy. it is said to have been written by Kautilya. In the last book of Kautilya’s Arthashastra, Kautilya had discussed the methodology of composition of Arthashastra. He has enumerated 32 methods of science.

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Other than providing a perspective on governing a petty kingdom in the Subcontinent between BC and AD, there is hardly anything worthwhile to say about this book. Timeline Chronology of Hindu texts. Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden Though, given the United States’ support for militant groups in nearby Afghanistan, the logic of “the enemy of my enemy is my friend” doesn’t always work out so well.

Kautilya, in the Arthashastra, suggests that the state must always be adequately fortified, its armed forces prepared and resourced to defend itself against acts of war.

The Romans did drive one of their more useful plant species to extinction and deforested almost the whole area around the Mediterranean, to show a negative counterexample.

Read it if you want to peek into the past through the eyes and ideals of Kautilya!

It is not just a normative text but a realist description of the art of running a state”. Aug 21, Paden rated it really liked it. The Arthashastra dedicates Topics 30 through 47 discussing the role of government in setting up mines and factories, [79] gold and precious stone workshops, [80] commodities, [81] forest produce, [82] armory, [83] standards for balances and weight measures, [84] standards for length and time measures, [84] customs, [85] agriculture, [86] liquor, [86] abattoirs and courtesans, [87] shipping, [88] domesticated animals such as cattle, horses and elephants along with animal welfare when they are injured or too old, [89] pasture land, [90] military preparedness [91] and intelligence gathering operations of the state.

According to Kautilya, contiguous states existed in a state of latent and permanent hostility. The text was considered lost by colonial era scholars, until a manuscript was discovered in Kumud Mookerji states that the text may be a picture of actual conditions in Kautilya’s times. Kautilya requires that the land sale be staggered and grants certain buyers automatic ” call rights “, which is not free market. The content was interesting enough though and showed a lot of insight into the ancient empires of India.


Kautilya’s Arthashastra and Pakistan

Want to Read saving…. Though the book is more normative than descriptive, it gives us a closer look at life in the Mauryan empire. He reveals the imagination of a romancer in imagining all manner of scenarios which can hardly have been commonplace in real life. The Arthashastra encompasses a world of practical statecraft, not philosophical disputation.

This translation is from Weber: In pursuance of this approach, the wise ruler would make one neighbouring state fight another and having prevented the neighbours from getting together, would conquer his own enemy. Tax collection and ripe fruits As one plucks one ripe fruit after another from a garden, so should the king from his kingdom.

It covers maintenance of social order, increasing economic activity, protection of livelihood, protection of the weaker sections of the population, prevention of harassment of the subjects, consumer protection and even welfare of slaves and prisoners. His practical advice is rooted in dharma. Maybe the illusion of minute micro-managed and all-pervasive governance can cover up for the inability to really govern?

Try Upaya four strategies. The last three thousand years of human evolution have seen diverse types of states, that are based on different ideas of legitimacy. India is also positioning itself to control the Indian Ocean militarily.

Ideal laws, contradictory realities, preferential and protective treatment for the upper-castes, Brahmins especially, looking down upon women on every areas, government running brothels and liquor shops, kings striving to be just and ethical, cruel methods to get rid of one’s enemies, pleasant ways to rule one’s subjects – you will get to learn in all in this book. Separation of powers Legislature Executive Judiciary Election commission. View all 3 comments.

See 2 questions about The Arthashastra…. Journal of Indian Philosophy. The extensive responsibilities of the state for promoting economic wellbeing and preserving law and order demand an equally extensive administrative machinery.


The Arthashastra’s views on foreign policy the ‘Six-Fold Policy’ is a clear forerunner to the modern school of ‘realism’, based on the premise that states act only in their own interests and how to advance their own interests. Aug 19, Ajith rated it really liked it.

The Code of Law and Justice covers both civil and criminal law and is, basically, a Penal Code; the extensive and graded penalties and fines prescribed in it have the twin aims of deterring transgressions and collecting revenue for the state. The text discusses marriage and consent laws in Books 3 and 4. The legitimacy of a regime to rule is integral for any form of state to exist.

The best king is the Raja- rishithe sage king. We have also seen how the problems that Kautilya tried to tackle are more or less the same as what modern states fail spectacularly at, even when aided by more gee-whiz technology.

Finallythe text itself does not read like an ancient and irrelevant treatise, but is highly relatable to today’s world and is in a way surprising and eye-opening for the fact that human society is very much the same for nearly years in its behavioral aspects and its dynamics as a society even though aspects like technology and morality have progressed.

Thomas Trautmann states that the Arthashastra in chapter 3. Sep 22, Kamal Jindal rated it it was amazing. The periods of absence of tensions between Pakistan and India are likely to be few and far between.

Arthashastra of Kautilya

Ritual and other related forms of expertise was considered to have pragmatic applications in state security, kkautilyas, social regulation, and legal process. In the presence of governance, the weak resists the strong. Further, state Waldauer et al. He shall also provide subsistence to helpless women when they are carrying and also to the children they give birth to”.

The same thing can be said of the role of technology in daily life as well.